Duke Chloe always got really bossy when they were under attack. Yell, yell, yell, stomp, stomp, stomp.
‘Manolo, kill those six – like this!’
Cavan knew that was the only order that really mattered. Only the golem would be much use against the Elven. Cavan was a little worried the Elven would slit her throat anyway.
That would mean she'd wasted the whole afternoon. Cavan rattled the bars of the kid-cart, and sighed.
Then she cast her Weaving, still a little rough, out onto the Wyrdweave.
Nor did the Elven ever guard themselves proper, thought Prinsloo. They didn’t duck behind cover. They drifted in your direction, they separated and prowled. Right now, looked like they were just looking for some lost trinket in the long grass at the edge of the forest. Or maybe each Elven looking for something different.
So silent. Just a little something in your ear, like quills flying over parchment.
Oh, true that her bolts would go astray. They’d bend down at just the right moment, like they'd mistaken a leaf for the bauble they sought. But that was just luck, right?
The Elven barely even registered the big bastard steel golem bearing down on them CLUNK CLUNK CLUNK and –
‘Bugger this,’ muttered Prinsloo, and nocked a quarrel in her crossbow. Beside her Marc Fouche, who'd obviously been thinking about it, grinned and followed suit.
Even the evening light seemed unsure of them. The Elven were not really illuminated, only washed in milk and ink.
‘Alright Fouchey,’ said Prinsloo. ‘See baldie? On three, put one right between his eyes. And I’ll go on three-and-a-half.’
Fouche said, without a trace of his usual stammer, ‘Nice one, general.’
‘One, two, three.’
They both missed, of course. Provisional shapes in the sepia, leached landscape tilted, as if by luck, and the bolts went into the trees.
Her and Fouchey laughed, a bleak joke.
Never mind, thought Prinsloo. The golem would draw first blood.
Cavan wove,「I always knew I was a little different. Not special, even though I was just a country kid, and now I’m a Weaver ready to fight in for her province in the Prosperous Game. I don’t think that makes me special. But I am different. I am Cavan van der Darkfelde. Those of you who follow me will know that I am currently High Kian’s only Champion. The Birdborn boy who was to have been High Kian's male champion has fallen to Duke Chloe's blade. He was not only my teammate, but my lover and friend. But that is not what this Weaving is about. The one who fell was also my kind and my kin. THAT is what this Weaving about. This Weaving is about what really makes me different. This Weaving is about the sky, and how it has always sung to me. Let’s back up a bit. Darkfelde is known for its treacherous forests, its tangled coast, and for not having a third thing to be known for. But it was not the woods that sang to me, and it was not the sea. It was only the sky. Nowadays, when I gaze up into that endless emptiness, it tells me what I already know. It tells me that I belong to it. Birdborn of the Kingdom, I see you, I salute you. And I stand among your ranks. Listen. My father left when I was fairly young. I never knew why. I can’t trust my memories about him. I suffered abuse and witchcraft at the hands of my grandmother, and the memories she left me with don’t make sense. I now understand him to have been Birdborn. Of course, it’s not just my dad. When I was blessed enough to move from Darkfelde to the city, I found myself uncomfortable among my “own” kind. What was wrong with me? Why could I only truly be myself around the Birdborn I met? What was it that made me flock to them? It’s true that I haven’t inherited much Birdborn physiogonomy. I can’t blame my grandmother’s sorcery for that. Sometimes that’s just the way the blood flows, from one generation to the next. Fact is, I’m featherless as fowl plucked for the pot. There is no rustling apparition creeping up my legs, up my chest, spreading its wings. When I die, I’m pretty sure, nothing’s gonna leave my lips but breath. And yet. The imagery squirming up your skin is not what makes you Birdborn. Any old normborn gussied up with henna or glamours can get one of those. Having your own is fairly fashionable in Ketchivan at the moment. We call them “Penna Henna” or “Vamp Stamps.” I guess it’s to do with the way it sucks away your life. It ain’t feathers that make a Birdborn. It ain’t a father either, though mine was one. What is it then? Well, I know not everyone will agree. But I think it’s the sky that sings to you. It’s the sky that calls you back home. Just a few days before I was Gathered to be Ketchivan’s Champion, I was lying on the greensward at the Academy for Weavers, cloudwatching. There was iridescent cirrocumulus. Two friends of mine, nice normborn girls, came over to check up on me. You know the drill. What are you looking at? What are you doing? Why are just lying there? How can you just stare like that? We are enchanting up a navy of varmints, don’t you want to join us? I laughed, and didn’t try to explain. I didn’t use the old Birdborn word, glimmerbridge, which would have described the sky overhead that evening. They wouldn’t have known what that word meant. I certainly didn’t try to explain to them that the sky was singing to me. They wouldn’t have understood. You see, I have the thing that really counts. I’m talking about knowing the moment that you will die. And facing your own obliteration with steadfastness, and no fear, but only joy. Your purpose is what you do in the end. And my purpose is to die. So here’s the thing. Isn’t that what being a Champion is all about? I believe that the Goddess has left us because she has no more to do. I believe her creation is perfect. We all have our place in it. And there is no greater gift than acceptance. Because acceptance is the gift that must undergird every other gift. There is no greater freedom than the thing from which you can never free yourself. I too am Birdborn. Every Champion – every Champion, whether you are normborn or troll, Faunfolk or Talking Beast – every single one of us is Birdborn. I feel my wings inside me. My war-wonders are woven true. And I am ready. Peace be with you, and may the Buggered Off Goddess have left things as you best love to find them. 」
Rapid arabesques flared from across the Kingdom, weaving their Weavings into Cavan's.
「research before you fart words 」said the first, from someone in Ballywort.
「that’s a nope from me 」came a Weaving in Winter River.
「it is impossible to describe how bad that is Cavan 」
The astral tendrils kept coming.
So did the Elven.
‘Let me out!’ yelled Cavan. ‘I can fight!’
Orders tumbling from Chloe’s lips, no time to think. ‘Manolo, kill those six – like this.’
She gestured, a sharp swerve levelling off, signifying to Manolo to kill at least one Elven, then spread his attacks more evenly till all were dead.
A normal skirmish, across this distance, you might think to ram the carts together and dig in quick. Golem tanking out in front. Pick ’em off with crossbow fire.
If they tried it, they’d be dead.
‘Amber, Vessels, you mount up and poach behind the golem. Holly, accuracy up all close quarters. Don’t heal no twice-dead dudes, you hear me? Jonker you’re calling the changes.’
Chloe had one foot in her stirrup. Yes boss, yes boss, yes boss.
‘No.’ An unexpected voice. ‘Let me call them.’
The Grandmasters and apprentices were already scrambling over the lip of the embankment. Wyrmringerriver had tapered away, so there was plenty of room in the riverbed to hide, so long as the great snake didn’t choose to thrash them to bits against the embankment.
But Grandmaster Wheelwright was still here. The frail old woman leaned casually against the cash cart, a dark rag in her hands. ‘I may as well,’ she smiled, and tied the blindfold.
‘Good,’ said Chloe, and mounted. Crossbow fire thumped into the trees ahead. Marc Fouche and Lesedi Prinsloo were looking sheepish, nocking fresh bolts. ‘Jonker, you came to slay today. In your saddle son and mark that golem. Uys, Blaauw, put those three in your pocket –’
‘Let me out!’ yelled Cavan. ‘I can fight!’
‘I’m considering it, little Champion! Everybody else, on me. Flank left when I go in. Don’t help me unless I ask for it, just kill what you can.’
Everybody else was Pestle, Pono, Prinsloo, Fouche, and Gouws. Meggit was nowhere to be seen, best place for him.
The Elven came naked. They came all but unarmed. But as the Elven flowed through the evening forest, intricate bone flowered through their skin, the early armour of the bout. And Chloe saw that already one of the bolts shot by her troops was no longer buried in the trunk, but dug out and palmed by one of the oncoming Elven.
「have you guys seen this supposedly woven by an actual Champion 」
「cw for …I don’t even know where to start just look at it 」
「blocked sorry 」
「okay so nobody is going to fucking believe the disgusting shit that Cavan van der Darkfelde has just woven 」
「can someone give me a thread to this Cavan thing 」
「THE SKY 」
「DOES NOT 」
「TO ME 」
「I can’t even 」
「once you realize “different” is a codeword for “exotic” 」
「no to silencing, no to appropriation, no to letting it stand, yes to swift action, yes to apologies, but at the same time 」
「at the same time … I feel we have to tread VERY carefully whenever anyone is trying to disclose something about their fundamental experience 」
「I still feel so sick 」
When you heard that golem's stride clank clank clank you just thanked the Buggered Off Goddess that that thing was on your side. Prinsloo felt every footfall, despite the earth’s constant hum. Every footfall like a knight tumbling to the ground next to you.
Cantering after the golem were Amber Cilliers and Tshegofatso Vessels, cradling their smaller crossbows. Ben Jonker not far behind.
The Elven wandered ever closer through the feathery grass. No formation. No movement fit for soldiers. These had to be a troupe of mummers or dancers, right? Coming to river-side spot to rehearse and, in the moments before rehearsal begins, dissolved into their private reveries. Running through parts they never quite get right. Recombining at a fine grain whatever parts of the performance gave them the greatest pleasure. Not individuals, not a collective, not order, not chaos ...
They are looking at you, but they don’t seem to see you.
Maybe something has broken their minds? Or maybe they’re not hostile after all?
Or . . . are they playing with you?
They aren’t mad. They aren’t friendly. Nor are they playing with you.
They are killing you. They have already begun to kill you.
「featherless as a fowl plucked for a pot 」
「cavan van der darkfelde is anxious to normsplain that birdborn people don’t care whether we live or die 」
「it is couched in offensive language yes but it took me a while to work out what’s really problematic about it 」
「in fact we Birdborn LIKE dying 」
「go fuck yourself she didn’t disclose fuck 」
「what’s really problematic is that if you don’t agree that the world is PERFECT somehow that makes you less of a Birdborn 」
「this is such a transparent ploy I am just embarrassed for her. there are twelve fucking Birdborn in this year’s Game and Cavan wants to ally with them 」
「I can only truly be myself among Birdborn – translation I don’t give a shit what I say or do so long as it’s only Birdborn people who are there 」
「once you realize “different” is a codeword for “exotic” 」
「cavan has “lots of birdborn friends” and she “really gets their culture” 」
「They wouldn’t have known what that word meant.」
「cw for like everything? 」
「THE SKY DOES NOT FUCKING SING TO ME 」
「apparition is a problematic word for that 」
「I cannot believe that it is the Xth Year of Her Serene Highness and I still have to literally explain to normborn people that I do not know the exact moment of my death 」
「the sordid myth of the content birdy hick content staring at the fucking fartscape overhead 」
「but NONE of the Birdborn Champions are fucking buying it 」
「Cavan if you are out there know that the Brackley Independence Army supports your struggle fam 」
「hi I noticed you have “survivor” in your coat of arms I was just curious what you had survived 」
「and Cavan has just fucked up not just her own chances but all of High Kian’s 」
「And for all Cavan’s fans in High Kian I hope you like the taste of famine 」
「so maybe a snotty rich kid would have time to “engage” with the “Birdborn community” and “make sense of her experience” and “choose appropriate language” 」
「but I’m sorry to have to tell you this but Cavan is fucking front line 」
「here we go, out the woodwork they come 」
Chloe gave her mule a kick. She’d picked her target, an elderly-looking Elven at the left edge of the line. Pale, slight and bald.
Ahead on the far flank Manolo leapt at an Elven. Seeing a golem jump for the first time can be a surprising thing. Hatches flung open and out swept his long jagged scythes. But maybe this Elven had seen a golem jump, because he was already in the air himself, rising utterly vertically. Cilliers and Vessels fired wide. Jonker fired late, his quarrel glancing harmlessly off Manolo.
Manolo’s blades swished under the Elven’s rising toes. The top of Manolo’s head flicked open. The Elven howled, his calf gashed open by a hatchet.
Chloe’s mule ate up the ground, gathering thunder, and her lance clunked heavily into place.
Manolo punched deep into the tree trunk. The Elven scampered in the bloody boughs. Manolo’s hatchet drew back into his head on a latticework arm. The tree rocked and blood swept down from its branches. Manolo’s arm seemed embedded in the tree. The forest shuddered, giant looped roots tearing free of grass and clods.
Chloe’s razor lance-tip wavered regularly, following every bob of her Elven’s adam’s apple. Two seconds –
‘Hopscotch!’ called Wheelwright.
Without hesitation Chloe cut loose her straps and plunged her lance-tip into the earth on the left side. Her bones jarred and her stomach knotted and she left her saddle. Her mule was shrieking and sinking low, legs crumbling, but now righted himself, cantering safely off to the right. Chloe was in mid-air, letting go of her vaulting-pole and starting to unsheathe her sword. Bolts whistled below and around her. Pestle galloped below her, colliding with her lance and splintering it. She landed in a sprint and two strides took her in range to lunge, once, twice, thrice at the target’s throat.
「I actually live in High Kian and I still hope they kill her first 」
「are there any ACTUAL Birdborn Champions here? Interested to know what they think of this 」
「Cavan saw Death coming, looked him straight in the eye and said, “I don’t have time to reach out to the Birdborn community” 」
「in which Cavan van der Darkvelde is a misunderstood victim and we should all believe her 」
「damn right she has no time because that bitch is birdfeed 」
「fuck you 」
Missed, missed, missed.
An Elven face floated at the tip of Chloe's sword.
Proud, pensive, patient, unperturbed. His eyes golden-grey, his features chiselled, furrowed about the jowls. As he leant back, right, left, he gave her that look. The same look you give an unruly moth you are trying to shoo into a jar, or to crush under your shoe’s heel. Chloe’s strikes had been feints of a kind, designed to teach him the wrong things about her combat style.
‘Radiance!’ called Wheelwright.
That call was a Dummy today. Chloe maintained her action. Her sword-tip missed his jugular, but sliced off a morsel of flesh at the collarbone.
His expression adjusted, just a little.
「no point in being original you only hear what fits your Narrative 」
「birdfeed is what High Kian will eat 」
「fuck you blocked」
「so now normborn all up in my weave 」
「because I need them to point out that Cavan van der Darkfelde was under pressure when she wove that Weaving, thank you guys 」
Uys and Blauw on foot, axes flashing –
Two Elven on them, Uys cutting the air, Blauw smashing the earth –
「because oh fuck it forget it 」
「by making all Champions Birdborn just by virtue of being Champions, Cavan van der Darkfelde erases the historical skewing toward Gathering Birdborn in the Prosperous Game 」
「what do you mean I can’t say “canaryboy” just cuz I’m normborn, you are such a trans phobe, I am actually a trans canaryboy 」
「when you look at the numbers, it isn’t quite true that every Province sends children to die on its behalf 」
「don’t weave that shit in the name of Brackley Independence Army 」
「more like the Birdborn of all provinces send their children to die on behalf of the normborn of all provinces 」
The thing about the Elven, they were never content just massacring you. They also had to be fucking annoying. These fuckers held themselves to such high standards. They never just came up to you and stuck a spear in you. They had to find a way to add value.
That’s why Elven battle tactics were unique. Whereas human commanders coveted flow, the Elven were like those maddening drips of water that never fell into proper pattern. Their war engines, when they inevitably rolled forth, were unique.
But there were ways to fight back. Ketchivan, Shield of the North, knew those ways.
To prevent Elven domination, Ketchivan had developed the Calls. Keep moving and switch your tactics randomly, that was the core of it. Even when something was working, even with all your instincts screaming keep going, sometimes you had to abandon it halfway, think of something else, anything else.
There were three kinds. When you heard a Dummy Call, you were to switch tactic only if you could see some immediate profit. Otherwise maintain action. A Steer Call signified to change what you were doing – unless in that same instant you would lose your life by it, or spare an Elven from immediate death. Finally the Covenant Calls, which signified that you should change your course of action no matter what.
That was the theory. Change, even if by it you risk death. Difficult to put into practice.
Above all, the Calls needed to come at random. That’s why the Caller was blindfolded, ears stopped, ignorant of the battlefield.
「wow great logic everybody 」
「sooo tdil apparently it’s okay to switch from Rogue to Weaver but if you want to switch from normborn to Birdborn suddenly that’s not okay 」
「shit in this’s dick 」
「this was always going to happen 」
「when normborn see what they like they take it 」
「even if they got to make up some really crazy shit to do it 」
「it is not really my place to comment but I am doing what I can by reweaving the voices of Birdborn 」
「please stay safe everybody x 」
「thanks everybody who’s trying to be nice but an actual birdborn I haven’t read Cavan van der Darkfelde’s weaving and I just don’t care 」
「i am super glad that cavan van der darkfelde has had the courage to reveal herself as birdborn, I myself am birdborn 」
「she wove something about her own life she never pretended it was about your life so shut up and deal with it 」
「not all normborn are like that though 」
「wetting my pants here at everybody’s feewings getting hurt by Cavan van der Darkfelde, a girl who is literally about to go fight to the death so that those same people can keep getting their hand-outs for feeling butthurt 」
「ain’t nothing wrong with a little assplay baby 」
Uys and Blauw somehow still alive. Completely intact, except the plumes plucked from their helmets.
‘Delicatessen!’ roared Wheelwright.
「I am birdboy tweet tweet 」
「okay I don’t get why I should get blocked just for saying that not all normborn are like that 」
「surely that’s a good thing? 」
「I’m saying NOT not all normborn are like that 」
「nobody ever said ALL normborn are like that 」
Some of the mules had gone down into the riverbed. Most had stayed up here. Chloe hadn’t seen it happen, but the ones that had stayed were now dead.
The bolt, the feathers, the bones of mules: it had begun.
The Elven were building their engines.
To them, everything was potentially a component. Everything was potentially a weapon, a tool, and something else: something for which there were no proper words. Maybe because the something else was a language itself, a language of flesh and bone.
Chloe had sometimes seen cunning drawings, depicting two different things at once. A single collection of lines could be both an ogregoose and a squirrelk, depending how you squinted.
Elven war engines were a bit like that.
Except that both creatures would have to be detailed down even to the infinitesimal spirits flourishing in their guts. And if it would have to be not just two creatures but endless creatures. And their meaning would have to exceed themselves, and all the other creatures that they contradicted. They would have to also endlessly mean the life of the Elven, and the death of their foes.
But there was no way to explain them. You had to experience them, and even if your body survived, your mind never quite did.
「think I will spend today as a birdboy because everything is socially constructed 」
「nobody ever said ALL normborn are like that 」
「nobody ever said ALL normborn are like that 」
「stop centering normborn 」
The shaking of the earth grew more violent. Wymringrider’s tail was gone. Her head would be here within the hour.
Arrows arced from the opposite bank. The Fauns were aiding them. An Elven went twisting through, unbalanced but unscathed.
Fouche, Prinsloo and Bafokeng closed on him. A foot of blood-slicked metal slid out of Fouche’s back. It jagged up and vanished.
‘Diva!’ called Wheelwright.
「excuse me I don’t mean to be rude but what is “centering” 」
「like making it all about you, and also BLOCKED 」
「how dare Cavan claim to be Birdborn 」
「“socially constructed” is not the same as “illusory.” The key word is “constructed,” it’s real, it’s an edifice, you can’t just opt out of it 」
「why is it my job to work out if these people are shamming or genuinely ignorant 」
「you did the right thing blocking her 」
「I have crawled that particular dungeon way too many times before. There is no treasure there 」
「if you don’t like it why do you read it 」
Marc Fouche lay red in the grass. One Elven lightly injured, and Manolo had felled three trees trying to get to him to finish the job. Now Manolo had finally flushed him out, and Chloe closed on that limping Elven. She wielded Untitled two-handed. He sparred with her, waving some bloody bludgeon vaguely.
‘Go,’ she yelled. ‘We haven’t got what you need.’
‘Die wêreld is kleiner,’ he said mildly. It was a mule’s hind leg he was brandishing at her. He had a voice like he had gargled his throat this morning with the flesh of her heart.
He kept giving her that <i>look</i>.
Above the screams and clashing metal, Ms Holly’s voice lofted melodiously. A strange feline of molten fat and lucent smoke darted between Chloe’s legs and leapt, splashing scalding into the limping Elven’s crotch.
His expression changed. A lot.
「have you had your family taken away from you by slavers because you are birdborn and they know nobody cares 」
「because I have 」
「how dare Cavan claim to be Birdborn 」
「how dare she 」
「yes you showed him, solidarity, and by the way one of the interesting facts about me is that because I am birdtrans I can kind of understand their languages even though I don’t literally speak them? I can usually guess and kind of feel what the sounds mean 」
Two pale green Elven bent low on Fouche’s corpse.
「Goddess they are everywhere gross gross gross 」
「I cannot speak for the Birdborn. I cannot say how betrayed, silenced, afraid they feel 」
「also changing my profile to trans friedwingfolk. I have the privilege to use that term because mentally I am not normborn 」
「here is a vision of a proud dual class normborn birdborn who is not afraid to present as her true race. Stay strong sis I am digging that boa 」
Over the Elven’s shoulder, ten feet away, Amber Cilliers, eviscerated, hung from a tree. Unspooling viscera had been braided, and rose tautly. Puppeteered by some Elven tucked out of sight, her long gut whipped round smartly. Something dark and gleaming wound among in the purple loops.
The Elven took a step back and lifted the sundered limb he held, probing the taut line of Amber’s viscera. The hock joint flopped, the angles shifted, and as Pestle galloped behind him, his axe blow wildly stray, the crossbow bolt that was wound among Amber’s guts slipped into Pestle’s visor and buried itself deep.
「Cavan van der Darkfelde is about one sentence away from repeating the myth that our birds fly in our arses when we’re babies 」
「ain’t nothing wrong with a little assplay baby 」
「yeah but, you know. Not as definitive of a People 」
「don’t kink shame c’mon baby 」
「birdboys suck elf cock and elf loves the beak in ass 」
「baby cmon 」
Raw-swords built into body-bergs. The Elven wielded several body-bergs by now. Murdered flesh and bone knitted with stolen metal. Huge, diaphanous, articulated cones. Seams of crushed jigsawed bone. Pulleys of muscle, skin and hair. A chaos. Fragments. Everywhere blood, blades, and body parts. Another Elven joined the first, together brandishing a body-berg toward Chloe. Fresh reek, meat and sweetness.
「this Weaving has triggered a lot of stupid traumatic shit that I cannot deal with now so bye for a bit xxx 」
「as if other bodies can never wear their deaths on their surfaces 」
「as if it is only the Birdborn you can look at and see that death is coming 」
Two pale green Elven working on Marc Fouche. Fouche not dead yet at all. Something jamming his lungs, stopping him from screaming.
One Elven flaying him, telescoping one arm, unravelling it to a ribbon. The other twisting a cornucopia of ribs into the base of Fouche’s spine.
Prinsloo and Bafokeng closed on them.
A skein of slashing fragments and swivelling struts bore down on Chloe. She blocked and slashed and blocked and slashed. Seething, leaking, completely fragile from certain angles, but always rigid behind the edges that lashed out, the barbs that stabbed.
In the corner of Chloe’s eye, Ms Holly swung her wand-stump. A smoking hole gaped in the body-berg, and Chloe dove through it.
ECONOMIST: Imagine I have some economic lectures, and you have some animal skins. Now what? Unless you happen to want what I have, and I happen to want what you have, we can't trade!
ECONOMIC SOCIOLOGIST: That would never happen although you're right about not wanting the economics lecture
ECONOMIST: In primitive society, it must have been pretty inconvenient to get what you want!
ECONOMIC SOCIOLOGIST: I mean no more inconvenient than this. Look I'll just give you the skins. We can remember or write it down. I'll give them to you
ECONOMIST: Nowadays, economists like to say
ECONOMIC SOCIOLOGIST: They like to say "economists like to say"
ECONOMIST: that a barter society would have "high transaction costs."
ECONOMIC SOCIOLOGIST: You guys really like to say that, waaay more than economic sociologists like to say "economic sociologists like to say" anyway. Although I kind of liked saying that just now.
ECONOMIST: But not only that!
ECONOMIC SOCIOLOGIST: Oh God.
ECONOMIST: Not all commodities are easy to carry or divide. If you have to cut one of your skins in half
ECONOMIC SOCIOLOGIST: I won't do that. It's not a problem. Do you want the skins? Take my skin. Take my actual skin.
ECONOMIST: it might be worth a lot less!
ECONOMIC SOCIOLOGIST: Please don't say Jevons. Please don't say double co
ECONOMIST: What Jevons called "the double coincidence of wants"
ECONOMIC SOCIOLOGIST: He didn't invent that idea and he didn't call it that.
ECONOMIST: prompted barter societies
ECONOMIC SOCIOLOGIST: He did say "coincidence between persons wanting and persons possessing"
ECONOMIST: to eventually agree to use
ECONOMIC SOCIOLOGIST: "Agree"? Wait Menger basically made up you guys's commodity theory and Menger would have hated that. And he was being a bit literal but he almost had a point, it wasn't like one day in the olden days the olden day guys all sat down and agreed
ECONOMIST: some intrinsically valuable commodity
ECONOMIC SOCIOLOGIST: But it's funny you should say agree because you know what economic historians and anthropologists and sociologists agree on they agree there have never been barter societies that is a thing they agree
ECONOMIST: such as tea, or beads, cowrie shells
ECONOMIC SOCIOLOGIST: That reminds me we're almost out of cowrie shells sorry I will shut up and listen what is next
ECONOMIST: or, of course, gold!
ECONOMIC SOCIOLOGIST: Never has been a "barter society" in the way you mean it anyway. Wait, what, gold?
ECONOMIST: What we then see is the gradual evolution of money, from some intrinsically valuable commodity
ECONOMIC SOCIOLOGIST: Gold is not intrinsically valuable -- I'm like right here, why do you never, why are you, why
ECONOMIST: to coinage, to paper money backed by precious metal, to what
ECONOMIC SOCIOLOGIST: Why are you doing this. Gold is not intrinsically valuable it's not even intrinsically pretty
ECONOMIST: we have today
ECONOMIC SOCIOLOGIST: I don't
ECONOMIST: namely, fiat money.
ECONOMIC SOCIOLOGIST: Phew cool well that was quite a ride now maybe we can
ECONOMIST: This progression, from barter, to commodity money, to modern fiat money, took a long time.
ECONOMIST SOCIOLOGIST: thousands of years of diverse and complex monetary systems, their transformations and their collapses, all ignored, so not that long
ECONOMIST: But it had to! It had to be gradual in order to build up the necessary trust
ECONOMIC SOCIOLOGIST: Okay cool so the stability of the dollar is at least partly because of the confidence of the Babylonians had in their priest class I totally get that cool, cool, cool
ECONOMIST: since today it is really only trust that makes money valuable.
ECONOMIC SOCIOLOGIST: Nothing to do with the law then? And, like, what taxes are denominated in and
ECONOMIST: Money is backed by trust. If we lose our trust in money, money has no value!
ECONOMIC SOCIOLOGIST: You know what, for what its worth? Trust is a weird sentiment to be privileging here. I know what you're getting at, but your language is loose and misleading. By saying that money is "backed" by trust, you make it sound like using money is an efficient way of trusting each other -- just like using money backed by gold is an efficient way of reassigning claims to that gold. Whereas in reality, just the opposite is true. Money doesn't require that we trust each other. If anything, it requires that we don't.What money is really good at is co-ordinating the activity of people without those people having to gain any intimate knowledge of each other. Here's Henry Peacham telling a kind of joke about that in The Worth of a Penny, or, A Caution to Keep Money (1667):
ECONOMIC SOCIOLOGIST: What?
ECONOMIST: I feel like you're being a bit nit-picky. This is an ideal model. Of course it has lots of assumptions, but it also has explanatory force.
ECONOMIC SOCIOLOGIST: So where did money really come from?
ECONOMIST: You should just trust me on this stuff. So yeah anyways how about a cheeky wee animal skin? I can pay you back Monday.
Over on Economic Humanities, another necessarily bonkers foray into economic sociology, trying to develop the notion of shallow markets. Inspired in the first place by trying to capture what is distinctive about the market structures of platform capitalism (Uber, Airbnb, the "sharing" economy, etc.), but in a way which can also be used to refine our understanding of "traditional" market structures.
Glancing over it now, I'm less confident about the centrality of negative externalities. Perhaps what I'm really interested in here is the old notion of a producer entering a market in expectation of profit, and leaving a market in response to losses. In this context, are there differences between platforms and markets? Platforms are designed to easily assimilate productive capital which was recently used for some other purpose, but is that really lowering barriers to entry, or is it cultivating a spectrum of market presence, where producers are neither completely in nor completely out of the market, but ghosts with a transparency slider, 0% to 100%? What is the status of a seller who has developed a good reputation profile, and still has all the productive capital necessary to compete on a particular platform, but just isn't bidding and/or checking that particular inbox any more? Have they exited the market or not? What if they start checking more frequently after a few months? Should this change the way we think about sunk costs / transitional costs / stranded costs?
Partly what I'm trying to capture is what these relatively new modes of provisional and flexible market participation mean for competition as it is traditionally conceived in mainstream economics. Okay, yes, platform capitalism has discovered devious new ways of continuing neoliberal trends of casualization and deregulation. But also: many of these markets are not only de facto extremely exploitative, they are also uncompetitive or only ambiguously competitive.
It is true that producers encounter pressure to improve the quality and cost of their offering, in ways which are favorable to the consumer. But other features of competition are not present. The relative ease with which producers may defer or offload costs, and may come and go from the market, means that the market does not cultivate technical innovation, robust structures of intangible capital, nor real growth. Instead of facing pressure to improve productivity, producers face pressure to begin their "going out of business, everything must go, big bargain sale" from the moment they enter the market.
(Some of these incentive dynamics may be obscured, at the moment, by the institutionally and culturally originated waves of innovation (and innovation marketing and rhetoric) which are a compulsory feature of any tech company's existence. The provisional, one-foot-in-and-one-foot-out quality of these microentrepreneur markets may also not entirely hold true in the case of flagship platforms like Uber and Airbnb, since there's a big physical capital investment involved: the situation of some Uber drivers if it were to continue would verge on indentured slavery. TaskRabbit et al. are slightly more clear-cut examples).
Perhaps an interesting model to play with would be a market in which all firms are loss-making, average total cost is greater than price, but marginal variable cost is less than price per unit. Barriers to entry are not low but negative.
(You could perhaps get clever and explain these negative barriers in terms of a kind of "grass is greener" epistemology of capital asset valuation. New producers do not literally have a monetary incentive to enter; they have a sort of accounting incentive to enter, in that by switching their underperforming capital, its value rises on the basis of anticipated returns. But underperformance is the rule across all platforms. The producer's incentive to enter a market is their own capital, which appears constantly undervalued in whatever market it is participating in, and overvalued in whatever markets it's not).
Dave Hutchinson: Europe at Midnight, Solaris
Chris Beckett: Mother of Eden, Corvus
Aliette de Bodard: The House of Shattered Wings, Gollancz
Ian McDonald: Luna: New Moon, Gollancz
Justina Robson: Glorious Angels, Gollancz
Her mind had focused now on the body beneath the veneer of his clothes. The muscle, bone and blood beneath the
elastic skin. She pictured it from all sides, sizing it up, judging its powers of resistance, then closing on it. She
Be a woman.
Simply, as she thought that preposterous idea, it began to take shape. Not a fairy-tale transformation, unfortunately,
his flesh resisted such magic. She willed his manly chest into making breasts of itself and it began to swell most
fetchingly, until the skin burst and his sternum flew apart.
His pelvis, teased to breaking point, fractured at its centre; unbalanced, he toppled over on to his desk and from there
stared up at her, his face yellow with shock. He licked his lips, over and over again, to find some wetness to talk
with. His mouth was dry: his words were still-born. It was from between his legs that all the noise was coming; the
splashing of his blood; the thud of his bowel on the carpet.
She screamed at the absurd monstrosity she had made, and withdrew to the far corner of the room, where she was
sick in the pot of the rubber plant.
My God, she thought. This can't be murder. I didn't so much as touch him.
Update: Oh that's not working right, is it? I mean to link to the gnat scene after about fifteen and a half minutes, and the knight scene after about fifty-six and a half minutes! The bit about whether Alice would have to obey her governess if she had no name, and the bit about nested names: the name of the name of the song (or in the movie, tale. From the bits I've seen I really like that adaptation. It seems to use a lot of Carroll's dialogue. Meanwhile, this year, Tim Burton falls down the reboot hole).